SDG target: Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries; provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health; and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all.

This year’s U.S. measles outbreak was the worst in a generation. Globally, even larger outbreaks have occurred in Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Madagascar. Measles epidemiology makes it necessary to vaccinate an extremely high percentage of children, but as this map shows, more than half of one- year-old children in Africa live in districts where measles vaccination coverage is below 80 percent. However, the situation may be improving in critical geographies. According to preliminary data from the North West Zone of Nigeria, renewed government commitment to measles and other routine vaccinations has paid off with signs of rapidly increasing coverage over the past two years.

vaccines heat map

Below is the global chart on the DTP3 coverage indicator since 1990. Explore progress for specific countries using the drop-down menu below the chart.