Despite ambitious efforts to expand the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of HIV, China has seen a continual increase in the number of people living with the virus, which reached nearly half a million in 2014, according to government figures. Newly diagnosed cases reached a historic high of 104,000 in the same year. Mother-to-child transmission and sexual transmission between men continue to increase.
Globally, the HIV epidemic continues to outpace efforts to control it. Prevention and treatment programs need to become more efficient. New tools are also needed, and investment in research and development for new products remains essential.
Control of the HIV epidemic in China depends on reaching high-risk groups with prevention programs and accurate information, testing, and efficient and effective treatment programs. China can make significant progress by sustaining its investments to expand access to HIV prevention and treatment, improve its HIV programs, and support research into new and better prevention and treatment methods.
We committed US$50 million from 2008 to 2013 to work with the Chinese government and community organizations on a program to expand HIV prevention (through testing and interventions) among those most at risk of infection and to provide care and treatment to those infected. In some program cities, more than half of all newly detected cases were identified through our collaboration with community organizations.
Over the years, these community organizations have gained recognition and government support for their critical role in preventing and controlling HIV.
In 2015, we are launching the second phase of the program, which will focus on deepening participation by community organizations. The program will help the Chinese government establish and operate special funds to support the work of community organizations and advocate for relevant policies, such as the inclusion of rapid HIV tests in the National Guideline for Detection of HIV/AIDS.