Our United States Program Advisory Panel is comprised of a group of esteemed experts from outside of the foundation who offer a wide range of experiences and perspectives. This panel plays an important role in strengthening our work by offering independent assessments of our strategies and helping us evaluate results.
Ann Fudge served as the chairman and CEO of Young & Rubicam Brands, as well as Chairman and CEO of its largest division, Y&R Advertising, one of the world’s leading marketing and communications agencies until 2006. Prior to that, Fudge ran a $5 billion division of Kraft Foods, overseeing some of its largest brands. Currently on the board of directors of General Electric, the Rockefeller Foundation, and Morehouse College, Fudge is also on the Board of Overseers of Harvard University, a trustee of the Brookings Institution, and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations as well as serving on the Council’s Board. Among her many honors and awards, she has been named by Fortune as one of the fifty most powerful women in American business.
Christopher Edley is former Dean of the University of California, Berkeley’s Boalt School of Law, having joined Boalt after twenty three years as a professor of law at Harvard Law School. He is a renowned expert in the field of civil rights law. His publications include, among many others, Not All Black and White: Affirmative Action, Race and American Values, and he is a founder of UC-Berkeley’s Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity, and Diversity, a multidisciplinary think tank. In addition to helping formulate domestic policy in the Carter Administration, Edley was the associate director for economics and government at the Office of Management and Budget during the Clinton Administration as well as an advisor for Clinton’s Initiative on Race. Edley has served on a number of national commissions, including the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights and most recently on the nonpartisan Commission on No Child Left Behind. He is a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and served as an advisor for the Presidential transition team for President-elect Barack Obama.
Edward Glaeser is the Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor of Economics in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University, where he has taught urban and social economics and microeconomic theory since 1992. Glaeser is also director of the Taubman Center for State and Local Government and director of the Rappaport Institute of Greater Boston. He has published dozens of papers on cities and economic growth, including papers on the determinants of city growth and the role of cities as centers for the transmission of ideas. In addition to his teaching and research, Glaeser edits the Quarterly Journal of Economics. Glaeser’s work examining the historical evolution of economic hubs like Boston and New York City has had a major influence on the study of both economics and urban geography. Other topics on which he has written widely, from both contemporary and historical perspectives, include social economics and the economics of religion.
Margaret Spellings is the president of the George W. Bush Foundation. She oversees all aspects of Bush Foundation activities, including leadership of the George W. Bush Institute, management of George W. Bush Presidential Center business operations, and collaboration with the National Archives and Records Administration, which operates the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum.
Previously Spellings was president and CEO of Margaret Spellings and Company, a Washington, D.C. consulting firm that provided strategic guidance to philanthropic and private sector organizations. She also served as a senior advisor to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and was president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation.
She served as U.S. Secretary of Education from 2005 to 2009. In that role, she oversaw an agency with a nearly $70 billion budget and more than 10,000 employees and contractors. As a member of the President’s Cabinet, she led the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), a historic national initiative to provide enhanced accountability for the education of 50 million U.S. public school students.
In 2005, Spellings launched a higher education national policy debate and action plan to improve accessibility, affordability and accountability in our Nation’s colleges and universities. Spellings initiated international outreach and collaboration by leading delegations on behalf of the President of the United States as well as overseeing the development and implementation of international education agreements with such countries as China, Russia and the United Arab Emirates. As White House Domestic Policy Advisor, from 2001 to 2005, she managed the development of the President’s domestic policy agenda. Prior to her service in the White House, Spellings was senior advisor to then-Governor George W. Bush of Texas, led governmental and external relations for the Texas Association of School Boards, and has served in key positions at Austin Community College and with the Texas Legislature.
Jim Nussle is President and CEO of The Nussle Group, a strategic consulting firm in Washington DC that provides consultation and advice to corporations, financial firms, trade associations, and policy organizations. Jim is a founding board member and former President & Chief Operating Officer of Growth Energy. In June 2007, Nussle was nominated by President George W. Bush to be the 36th Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and upon confirmation, he joined the President’s Cabinet. Prior to his executive service, Nussle served 16 years in the U.S. House of Representatives representing the 1st District of Iowa and served six years as the Chairman of the House Budget Committee. Nussle received his Bachelor of Liberal Arts degree from Luther College and his law degree from Drake University.